Sunday, August 4, 2019

Analysis of active shooter

This is the history of shootings.  Unfortunately it had so many graphics in it that didn't come across property but if you try you can decipher. See also post the link in case they made this one available to the public.

Tracking Shootings in America
In 2018, there were 27 active-shooting incidents in 16 states, according to new FBI data
By Elbert Wang
Published Apr. 12, 2019 at 11:00 a.m. ET
Active-shooter incidents around the U.S. fell slightly last year, but they remained at the second highest level since 2000, according to new data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Deadly incidents in 2018 included the shooting at a Parkland, Fla., high school, the shooting at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh and the Borderline Bar and Grill shooting in Thousand Oaks, Calif. In total, there were 27 incidents around the country last year, leaving 85 people dead and 128 wounded. That compares with 30 shootings in 2017, the deadliest year in the FBI’s records.
Between 2000 and 2018, there have been 277 active-shooter events, which have killed 884 and injured 1,544, according to the FBI. These shootings have taken place in 44 states and Washington, D.C., in churches, workplaces and neighborhoods, and at all hours of the day.

Deaths and injuries
per active-shooter
Urban areas
Aurora theater
12 killed and
58 wounded
Sandy Hook
27 killed and
2 wounded
Virginia Tech
32 killed and
17 wounded
Las Vegas
Pulse nightclub
58 killed and
489 wounded
49 killed and
53 wounded
17 killed and
17 wounded
After the 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, the FBI began tracking active-shooter events to develop new ways to prevent, prepare for and respond to these incidents. The agency also compiled some historical information back to 2000.
The bureau defines an active shooter as “an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area” with firearms. In some of the incidents the FBI includes, there are no casualties.
By examining all of the events, the FBI said it has found that many shooters signal impending violence before the attack.
“Shooters rarely ‘just snap,’ and it’s rare that no one saw it coming,” said Pete Blair, executive director of the Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training Center at Texas State University. “They plan these things out over an extended period of time, display troubling behavior, and make threats on social media.”
These behavioral patterns have shed light on how ordinary citizens and law enforcement can respond to future attacks and even how they can intervene before they happen, said Mr. Blair.
Active-shooter incidents, by time of day
midnight3 a.m.6 a.m.9 a.m.12 p.m.3 p.m.6 p.m.9 p.m.
Most shootings took place in businesses, schools and workplaces. In over half of the incidents, the shooter chose the location specifically to target at least one of the victims. Others’ motives are unknown.
In 2018, citizens intervened to try to end five of the shootings. “Citizens were faced with split-second, life-and-death decisions,” the FBI said. “They saved many lives.”
Two law-enforcement officers were killed in 2018 in active-shooter incidents, and six were wounded.
Active-shooter incidents, by category
20002018Business84 shootings (30%)
20002018School54 shootings (19%)
20002018Workplace53 shootings (19%)
20002018Outdoor41 shootings (15%)
20002018Government20 shootings (7%)
20002018Residence14 shootings (5%)
20002018Place of Worship11 shootings (4%)
Note: A workplace shooting is defined as one in which an employee or former employee was the shooter. A business shooting is defined as being at a place of employment or a public restaurant. The FBI data combines workplace and business in one category defined as commerce. Incidents that occurred in multiple location types were classified under the predominant location only. Figures don’t total 100% due to rounding.
The shooters have been overwhelmingly male, with only 12 female shooters in the time period between 2000 and 2018. In all but three shootings, the shooter acted alone, and in over half of the incidents, the shooter was killed or committed suicide on-site.
Their ages range from 12 in the 2013 shooting at a middle school in Sparks, Nev., to 88 when James von Brunn opened fired in the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington. The median age is 34.
The bureau hasn’t identified race for all shooters. In an FBI analysis of shootings from 2000 to 2013, the racial breakdown of the shooters closely mirrored the demographics of the country.
The first incident in this tally took place on Dec. 26, 2000, in Wakefield, Mass., when Michael McDermott, an employee of Edgewater Technology, walked through the office lobby with an AK-47, a shotgun and a pistol, headed for the human resources department, and began shooting at his coworkers. Seven people were killed.
The number of events and number of dead have increased over the years, peaking in 2017 with the most shootings and the most casualties.
Counting the Toll
The dead are represented by the red area, and the injured are represented by the gray area.
40010010Deaths and injuriesper active shooterincidentWakefield shootingSeven were killed in the firstincident the FBI recorded.Lockheed Martin shootingSix were killed and eight werewounded at a plant inMeridian, Miss., the deadliestworkplace shooting since theWakefield shooting.Virginia Tech shooting32 were killed and 17 werewounded in what was thenthe deadliest shooting in theU.S. It is currently thedeadliest school shooting.Fort Hood shooting13 were killed and 32 werewounded in the deadliestshooting on an Americanmilitary base.Tucson Safeway shootingSix were killed and 13,including U.S. Rep. GabrielleGiffords, were wounded.Aurora theater shooting12 were killed and 58 werewounded.Sandy Hook school shooting27 were killed and two werewounded in the deadliestshooting in a grade school inthe U.S.Charleston church shootingNine were killed in what wasthen the deadliest shooting ina place of worship in the U.S.San Bernardino shooting14 were killed and 22 werewounded in the deadliestterrorist attack in the U.S.since Sept. 11, 2001.Pulse nightclub shooting49 were killed and 53 werewounded in what was thenthe deadliest shooting in theU.S.Las Vegas shooting58 were killed and 489 werewounded in the deadliestshooting in the U.S.Parkland shooting17 were killed and 17 werewounded in the deadliest highschool shooting in the U.S.20002000200120012002200220032003200420042005200520062006200720072008200820092009201020102011201120122012201320132014201420152015201620162017201720182018
Source:FBI Active Shooter Resources
Credits:Tyler Paige and Jessica Wang contributed to this piece.

No comments:

Post a Comment